Graves’ Disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes the overproduction of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism).
It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the United States.
The body makes an antibody, called thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin which attaches to thyroid cells just like thyroid stimulating hormone, which leads to the overproduction of the thyroid hormone.
Symptoms include inflammation or swelling of the eyes, fast and irregular heartbeat, enlarged thyroid, heat intolerance, nervousness or irritability, tiredness or muscle weakness, trembling hands, trouble sleeping, and weight loss.
The common treatments are antithyroid medications and/or radioactive iodine to block the production of thyroid hormone.
For more information on Grave’s Disease checkout thyroid.org.